Employees in the UK by region: provisional results 2021

Number of employees in the UK, full time and part time, by country and English region, including some local authority districts, from the Business Register and Employment Survey.

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This is an accredited National Statistic. Click for information about types of official statistics.

Cyswllt:
Email Neil Hedges

Dyddiad y datganiad:
13 October 2022

Cyhoeddiad nesaf:
28 September 2023

1. Other pages in this release

Commentary on topics covered in the Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) is split between three separate headline bulletins. Other commentary from the latest BRES data can be found on the following pages:

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2. Main points

  • All 12 English regions and countries of the UK saw an increase in employees between 2020 and 2021; the North East saw the largest percentage increase in employees (up 53,000, or 5.1%), followed by London (up 221,300, or 4.3%).

  • In London, 26 out of 33 local authorities saw an increase between 2020 and 2021 in the estimated number of employees; the largest increases in estimated employees were in Westminster (up 50,600), City of London (up 42,600) and Camden (up 22,900).

  • In the North West, there were increases in estimated employees in 35 out of 39 local authorities; the largest increases in estimated employees were in Trafford (up 16,400), Liverpool (up 15,200) and Stockport (up 9,800), overall, the North West saw an increase in the estimated number of employees of 134,200 (4.0%).

  • In Yorkshire and The Humber, there were increases in estimated employees in 20 out of 21 local authorities; the largest increases in estimated employees were in Leeds (up 19,600), Bradford (up 12,500) and Kirklees (up 9,200), overall, Yorkshire and The Humber saw an increase in the estimated number of employees of 98,900 (4.2%).

  • There were two regions that in September 2021 were still below the level as of September 2019 (pre-coronavirus (COVID-19)), the remaining 10 regions had shown an increase in employees compared with 2019; the South East showed the largest decrease in employees from 2019 (down 52,300, 1.2%), Wales showed a decrease of 8,100 or 0.6%.

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3. Business Register and Employment Survey data

Broad Industry Group (Standard Industrial Classification) – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 1
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for Great Britain and UK split by broad industry group Standard Industrial Classification: SIC 2007. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

Industry (two, three and five-digit Standard Industrial Classification) – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 2
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for Great Britain and UK split by two, three and five-digit Standard Industrial Classification: SIC 2007. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

Region – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 3
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for Great Britain and UK split by region. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

Region by broad industry group (Standard Industrial Classification) – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 4
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for the UK split by region and broad industry group Standard Industrial Classification: SIC 2007. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

Local authority county – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 5
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for the UK split by local authority county. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

Local authority district – Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES): Table 6
Dataset | Released 13 October 2022
Annual employee and employment estimates for the UK split by local authority district. Results given by full-time or part-time and public or private splits.

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4. Measuring the data

Coronavirus

Our Coronavirus and the effects on UK labour market statistics article has more information about how labour market sources have been affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

View our Comparison of our labour market data sources article, which explains the main differences between the sources.

Sources

The Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES) is a sample survey. For the 2021 survey period, approximately 85,000 businesses were sampled for Great Britain. The response rate for the 2021 BRES was 69.5%. Northern Ireland data were collected independently by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. All estimates for 2021 are provisional.

Data from the 2020 survey have been subject to small revisions since the provisional estimates were published on 9 November 2021. “Total Employees” rather than “Total Employment” is used when discussing the main points. Employees is the more robust of the two measures and is recommended for use in analysis. Further information about BRES can be found in our Quality and Methodology Information (QMI) report.

BRES is the primary source for employee estimates at a detailed regional and industrial level. More timely, less detailed, employment estimates are available in Workforce Jobs (WFJ). Workforce Jobs benchmarks the private sector employee component to the BRES private sector employee estimates on an annual basis. The WFJ series, which is compiled mainly from surveys of businesses, is the preferred source of statistics when comparing changes in employment over time. The BRES industry data are recommended in preference to industry data from household surveys such as the Annual Population Survey and Labour Force Survey (LFS). The LFS, which collects information mainly from residents of private households, is the preferred source of statistics on employment at the whole economy level.

The public sector employee job figures from BRES aggregated to regional or national level will not match those produced from the Public sector employment release, which is the recommended source for public sector employment figures.

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5. Glossary

Employee

An employee is defined as anyone aged 16 years and over who is paid directly from the payroll, in return for carrying out a full-time or part-time job or being on a training scheme.

Employment

Employment includes employees plus the number of working owners who receive drawings or a share of the profits.

Full time and part time

Full time is defined as working more than 30 hours per week and part time is defined as working 30 hours or less per week.

Legal status

BRES includes breakdowns by public and private sector according to the legal status for national accounts classification purposes.

Standard Industrial Classification

Figures are classified to the Standard Industrial Classification 2007: SIC 2007. In this bulletin, the term “industry” refers to a “Section” as defined in SIC 2007.

Sampling variability

Because of the survey’s large sample size, BRES is able to produce good-quality estimates for detailed breakdowns by industry and geography. The coefficient of variation, a measure of quality, accompanies the BRES datasets on our website. The quality of the estimates may deteriorate for smaller geographies, and this should be taken into account when making inferences about the figures.

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7. Cite this statistical bulletin

Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 13 October 2022, ONS website, statistical bulletin, Employees in the UK by region: provisional results 2021

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Manylion cyswllt ar gyfer y Bwletin ystadegol

Neil Hedges
bres@ons.gov.uk
Ffôn: +44 1633 456741