Consumer trends, UK: January to March 2022

Household final consumption expenditure (HHFCE) for the UK, as a measure of economic growth. Includes all spending on goods and services by members of UK households.

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Email Katherine Kent

Dyddiad y datganiad:
30 June 2022

Cyhoeddiad nesaf:
30 September 2022

1. Main points

  • In Quarter 1 (January to March) 2022, household spending growth (adjusted for inflation) was positive 0.6% compared with Quarter 4 (October to December) 2021;when compared with Quarter 1 2021, household spending increased by positive 12.6%.
  • When compared with Quarter 4 2021, the largest positive contribution to growth was from restaurants and hotels which increased by positive 6.7%.
  • When compared with Quarter 4 2019 (pre-coronavirus (COVID-19)), household spending decreased by negative 0.4%.
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3. Measuring the data

The quarterly consumer trends data are typically published around 90 days after the end of the quarter.

This release contains data that are consistent with the UK National Accounts, The Blue Book: 2021, released on 29 October 2021. As such, data for all periods within this release are subject to revision in line with the National Accounts Revisions Policy.

The Blue Book is the UK’s annual compendium of national accounts data and incorporates a number of improvements to methods and sources into the UK’s National Accounts. Details of improvements introduced in Bluebook 2021, which affect household expenditure and revisions to the previous publication, can be found in our User guide to consumer trends methodology, published 30 September 2021.

The reference year and last base year for all chained volume measure estimates is 2019.

Further information on latest developments and changes implemented in Blue Book 2021 can be found in our Proposed changes to be implemented in Blue Book and Pink Book 2021 article.

Household final consumption expenditure (HHFCE) includes spending on goods and services except for:

  • buying or extending a house
  • investment in valuables (for example, paintings and antiques)
  • purchasing second-hand goods

Explanations for these exceptions and the related concepts are available in our Consumer trends guidance and methodology, published 30 September 2019.


More quality and methodology information on strengths, limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in our Consumer trends QMI, published 30 September 2019.

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Impact of coronavirus (COVID-19)

From Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2020, estimates of HHFCE, along with other components of gross domestic product (GDP), are subject to more uncertainty than usual as a result of the challenges we faced in collecting the data under government-imposed public health restrictions. In the case of HHFCE, these challenges have been compounded by the suspension of data collection for the International Passenger Survey (IPS) between March 2020 and January 2021, and the temporary suspension of the Living Costs and Food survey (LCF) between March 16 and April 14 2020.

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Katherine Kent
Ffôn: +44 1633 455829