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Communal establishment management and type

Important information:

We have made changes to housing definitions since the 2011 Census. Take care if you compare Census 2021 results for this topic with those from the 2011 Census.

Read more about this quality notice.


This dataset provides Census 2021 estimates that classify communal establishment residents in England and Wales by the type of communal establishment they reside in. The estimates are as at Census Day, 21 March 2021.

Variable and dataset information

Area type

Census 2021 statistics are published for a number of different geographies. These can be large, for example the whole of England, or small, for example an output area (OA), the lowest level of geography for which statistics are produced.

For higher levels of geography, more detailed statistics can be produced. When a lower level of geography is used, such as output areas (which have a minimum of 100 persons), the statistics produced have less detail. This is to protect the confidentiality of people and ensure that individuals or their characteristics cannot be identified.

Lower Tier Local Authorities

Lower tier local authorities provide a range of local services. In England there are 309 lower tier local authorities. These are made up of non-metropolitan districts (181), unitary authorities (59), metropolitan districts (36) and London boroughs (33, including City of London). In Wales there are 22 local authorities made up of 22 unitary authorities. Of these local authority types, only non-metropolitan districts are not additionally classified as upper tier local authorities.


Census 2021 statistics are published for the whole of England and Wales. However, you can choose to filter areas by:

  • country - for example, Wales
  • region - for example, London
  • local authority - for example, Cornwall
  • health area – for example, Clinical Commissioning Group
  • statistical area - for example, MSOA or LSOA

Communal establishment management and type

A managed communal establishment is a place that provides managed full-time or part-time supervision of residential accommodation.

Examples include:

* university halls of residence and boarding schools

* care homes, hospitals, hospices and maternity units

* hotels, guest houses, hostels and bed and breakfasts, all with residential accommodation for seven or more guests

* prisons and other secure facilities

* Single Living Accommodation (SLA) in military bases

* staff accommodation

* religious establishments

It does not include sheltered accommodation, serviced apartments, nurses’ accommodation, and houses rented to students by private landlords. These are households.


Population type
All usual residents in communal establishments
Area type
Lower Tier Local Authorities
England and Wales
Communal establishment management and type
26 Categories
  • Medical and care establishment: NHS: General hospital
  • Medical and care establishment: NHS: Mental health hospital or unit (including secure units)
  • Medical and care establishment: NHS: Other hospital
  • Medical and care establishment: Other: Mental health hospital or unit (including secure units)
  • Medical and care establishment: Other: Other hospital
  • Medical and care establishment: Other: Other establishment
  • Other establishment: Religious
  • Other establishment: Staff or worker accommodation or Other
  • Establishment not stated
Show all 26 categories

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Contact us

Protecting personal data

Sometimes we need to make changes to data if it is possible to identify individuals. This is known as statistical disclosure control.

In Census 2021, we:

  • swapped records (targeted record swapping), for example, if a household was likely to be identified in datasets because it has unusual characteristics, we swapped the record with a similar one from a nearby small area (very unusual households could be swapped with one in a nearby local authority)
  • added small changes to some counts (cell key perturbation), for example, we might change a count of four to a three or a five – this might make small differences between tables depending on how the data are broken down when we applied perturbation

Read more in Section 5 of our article Design for Census 2021.

Version history

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