Over 9 in 10 adults (91%) in Great Britain have left their home this week – the same proportion as last week; however, this is lower in Wales with 85% of adults reporting they had left their home compared with 91% of adults in England and Scotland.
Over half of adults (53%) had visited a park or public green space this week with 44% of these saying they had met with family or friends from outside of their household; this is a further increase on last week.
Just under 4 in 10 adults in employment (37%) said they had left their home to travel to and from work in the past seven days, decreasing from 40% last week.
3 in 10 adults (30%) reported that they had used face coverings outside of their home in the past week, a slight increase when compared with last week (28%); again, people were most likely to wear these shopping.
Of those adults who had used public transport in the past seven days, 45% had worn a face covering when travelling on public transport.
For those it was applicable to, over half of parents (51%) in England felt either very or quite unconfident in sending their children back to school in June, a decrease from 63% last week.
This weekly bulletin contains data and indicators from a new module being undertaken through the Office for National Statistics’s (ONS’s) Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) to understand the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on British society.
The statistics in this publication are based on a survey of 2,500 adults aged 16 years and over conducted between 4 and 7 June 2020 (inclusive). Results this week are based on 1,914 responding adults (77% response rate).
It contains breakdowns of results by sex and for identified "at-risk" groups that have been advised to take additional precautions. This includes those aged 70 years and over and those with certain underlying health conditions. The full list of conditions is included in the Glossary.
Results in the weekly bulletin are for Great Britain only unless stated otherwise.
This bulletin presents a summary of results, with further data including confidence intervals for the estimates contained in the associated datasets. Where changes in results from previous weeks, or differences between groups are presented in this bulletin, associated confidence intervals should be used to assess the statistical significance of the change. Not all differences commented on in this bulletin are statistically significant.
Throughout this bulletin, “this week” refers to responses collected during the period 4 to 7 June 2020 and “last week” refers to those collected during the period 28 to 31 May 2020.Nôl i'r tabl cynnwys
Almost 3 in 4 adults (74%) with dependent children said their children had been homeschooled this week. This is an increase when compared with last week (65%), although levels of homeschooling may have been impacted last week by half term falling during the reference week (28 to 31 May).
For children that had been homeschooled, they spent on average 14 hours learning this week, with the most common resources used being:
devices provided by parents (such as laptops and tablets; 74%)
school-provided digital resources accessed through online learning platforms (for example, pre-recorded lessons, assignments, e-workbooks; 67%)
school- provided digital online learning resources (59%)
However, more than 4 in 10 adults (42%) with dependent children said their children were struggling to continue their education. Lack of motivation, limited parent or carer time to support and lack of guidance and support were the most common reasons for children to be struggling.
In England, some children are now able to return to school. Over half (51%) of adults in England with dependent children who said this applied to them, said they felt either very or quite unconfident in sending their child or children back to school in June, and 52% said they were either very or quite unlikely to send their children back to school this month.
For those parents to whom it applied, 63% said that reassurance that their school was fully prepared would make them feel more confident to send their child or children back to school, and 57% said a vaccine available for the coronavirus (COVID-19) would also give them more confidence.Nôl i'r tabl cynnwys
Over two-thirds of adults (68%) said they were very or somewhat worried about the effect that the coronavirus (COVID-19) was having on their life now. This is similar to last week (69%) and is the third week it has remained stable.
The most common impact continues to be a lack of freedom and independence with over 6 in 10 adults (63%) reporting this. Other common issues were an inability to make plans and personal travel plans being affected (both 51%).
More than 4 in 10 adults (42%) said their well-being was affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) in the past seven days, a slight decrease from 44% last week. The proportion of those aged 70 years and over who reported their well-being had been affected (32%) continued to be lower than the general population, however, for those with an underlying health condition it was higher at 56%.
The most common issue affecting well-being continues to be feeling worried about the future (69%), followed by feeling stressed or anxious (63%), and feeling bored (50%).
Through the weeks of lockdown, of the four measures of personal well-being, falling anxiety levels have seen the largest change over the period. However, happiness has also increased over time with an average rating of 7.1 this week, compared with a low of 6.3 at the beginning of the lockdown period. As a point of reference, the average happiness rating of people in the UK in Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2019 (pre-COVID-19) was 7.5, although it should be noted that these figures come from different surveys.
A more detailed analysis providing insights into coronavirus and anxiety will be published on 15 June 2020.
Feelings of community continue to be high as stay at home restrictions begin to ease across Great Britain. Almost three-quarters of adults (73%) said other local community members would support them if they needed help during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In addition, over 8 in 10 adults (81%) said they thought people were doing more to help others since the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Expectations for unity, kindness and equality in Great Britain after recovery from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic are similar to previous weeks.
The largest expected change is around kindness. Almost half of adults (48%) believed that Great Britain was somewhat or very kind before the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, and a larger proportion of almost 7 in 10 (67%) said that Great Britain would be kinder once we have recovered from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Similarly, one-quarter (25%) of adults believed that Great Britain was very or somewhat united before the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. However, just over 4 in 10 (42%) adults said they thought that Great Britain would be united once we have recovered from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
There was a smaller change in expectations for equality in Great Britain. Just over 1 in 5 adults (21%) felt that Great Britain was somewhat or very equal before the pandemic, with the proportion feeling that Great Britain would be equal after recovery from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic rising to 23%.
This week around 2 in 10 adults (21%) reported feeling lonely either often or always, or some of the time, a decrease when compared with last week (25%). A more in-depth look at loneliness in Great Britain during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is available.
|Group||28 May to 31 May||4 June to 7 June|
|Percentage that report wellbeing is being affected||All adults||44||42|
|70 years and over||36||32|
|Mean anxiety score*||All adults||3.7||3.9|
|70 years and over||3||3.5|
|Percentage with high anxiety (score 6-10)*||All adults||30||32|
|70 years and over||24||31|
|Percentage feeling lonely (often, always and sometimes||All adults||25||21|
|70 years and over||17||21|
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Underlying health condition
In this bulletin, adults with an underlying health condition include those with:
- Alzheimer's disease or dementia
- angina or long-term heart problem
- a learning disability such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or Asperger's (Asperger syndrome)
- conditions affecting the brain and nerves, such as Parkinson's disease
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or long-term lung problem
- kidney or liver disease
- a weakened immune system such as the result of conditions as HIV and AIDS, or medicines such as steroid tablets or treatment for cancer
- problems with your spleen – for example, sickle cell disease, or if you have had your spleen removed
- being overweight (having a BMI of 40 or above)
- given an organ transplant
- stroke or cerebral haemorrhage or cerebral thrombosis
- rheumatoid arthritis
For this survey, a person is said to be "in employment" if they had a paid job, either as an employee or self-employed; they did any casual work for payment; or they did any unpaid or voluntary work in the previous week.
A dependent child is defined as someone who is under the age of 16 years or someone who is aged 16 to 18 years, has never been married and is in full-time education.Nôl i'r tabl cynnwys
The Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) is a monthly omnibus survey. In response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, we have adapted the OPN to become a weekly survey used to collect data on the impact of the coronavirus on day-to-day life in Great Britain. In this wave, 2,500 individuals were sampled, with a response rate of 77% (or 1,914 individuals) for the survey conducted from 4 June to 7 June 2020.
The survey results are weighted to be a nationally representative sample for Great Britain, and data are collected using an online self-completion questionnaire. Individuals who did not want to or were unable to complete the survey online had the opportunity to take part over the phone.
Where changes in results from previous weeks or differences between groups are presented in this bulletin, associated confidence intervals, which are included in the associated datasets, indicate their significance.
More quality and methodology information on strengths, limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) QMI.
A sample of 2,500 households were randomly selected from the European Health Interview Survey. From each household, one adult was selected at random but with unequal probability. Younger people were given higher selection probability than older people because of under-representation in the sample available for the survey. Further information on the sample design can be found in the OPN QMI.
The responding sample contained 1,914 individuals (77 % response rate). Survey weights were applied to make estimates representative of the population.
Weights were first adjusted for non-response and attrition. Subsequently, the weights were calibrated to satisfy population distributions considering the following factors: sex by age, region, tenure, and highest qualification, employment status, National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC) group and smoking status. For age, sex and region, population totals based on projections of mid-year population estimates for June 2020 were used. The resulting weighted sample is therefore representative of the Great Britain adult population by a number of socio-demographic factors and geography.Nôl i'r tabl cynnwys
The main strengths of the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey (OPN) include:
it allows for timely production of data and statistics that can respond quickly to changing needs
it meets data needs: the questionnaire is developed with customer consultation, and design expertise is applied in the development stages
robust methods are adopted for the survey's sampling and weighting strategies to limit the impact of bias
quality assurance procedures are undertaken throughout the analysis stages to minimise the risk of error
The main limitations of the OPN include:
the sample size is relatively small: 2,500 individuals per week with fewer completed interviews, meaning that detailed analyses for subnational geographies and other sub-groups are not possible
comparisons between periods and groups must be done with caution as estimates are provided from a sample survey; as such, confidence intervals are included in the datasets to present the sampling variability, which should be taken into account when assessing differences between periods, as true differences may not exist
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