Index of Private Housing Rental Prices, UK: December 2019

An experimental price index tracking the prices paid for renting property from private landlords in the UK.

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Cyswllt:
Email Ceri Lewis

Dyddiad y datganiad:
15 January 2020

Cyhoeddiad nesaf:
19 February 2020

1. Main points

  • Private rental prices paid by tenants in the UK rose by 1.4% in the 12 months to December 2019, unchanged since November 2019.

  • Private rental prices grew by 1.4% in England, 1.2% in Wales, and by 0.6% in Scotland in the 12 months to December 2019.

  • London private rental prices rose by 1.2% in the 12 months to December 2019, up from 1.0% in November 2019.

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2. UK private rental prices

Private rental prices paid by tenants in the UK increased by 1.4% in the 12 months to December 2019, unchanged since November 2019. For example, a property that was rented for £500 per month in December 2018, which saw its rent increase by the average rate in the UK, would be rented for £507.00 in December 2019.

Growth in private rental prices paid by tenants in the UK generally slowed since the beginning of 2016, driven mainly by a slowdown in London over the same period. Rental growth has started to pick up since the end of 2018, driven by strengthening growth in London.

In the 12 months to December 2019, rental prices for the UK excluding London increased by 1.5%, down from 1.6% in November 2019 (Figure 1). London private rental prices increased by 1.2% in the 12 months to December 2019.

The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors' (RICS's) November 2019 Residential Market Survey reported that tenant demand remained steady in November 2019. Alongside this, landlord instructions continue to decline.

The Association of Residential Letting Agents (ARLA) reported in their Private Rented Sector Report: November 2019 that demand from prospective tenants fell, while the number of landlords exiting the market remained the same.

These supply and demand pressures can take time to feed through to the Index of Private Housing Rental Prices (IPHRP), which reflects price changes for all private rental properties, rather than only newly advertised rental properties.

Focusing on the long-term trend, between January 2015 and December 2019, private rental prices in the UK increased by 8.5% (Figure 2).

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3. UK private rental growth rates by country

In England, private rental prices grew by 1.4% in the 12 months to December 2019, unchanged since October 2019. When London is excluded from England, privately rented properties increased by 1.6% in the 12 months to December 2019.

Private rental prices in Wales grew by 1.2% in the 12 months to December 2019, up from 1.0% in November 2019.

Rental growth in Scotland increased by 0.6% in the 12 months to December 2019, down from 0.9% in November 2019. The weaker growth in Scotland since 2016 may be the result of stronger supply and weaker demand in Scotland, as reported by the Association of Residential Letting Agents (ARLA) November 2019 Report.

The annual rate of change for Northern Ireland (2.2%) in September 2019 is higher than the other countries of the UK. The Northern Ireland annual growth rate has remained broadly consistent - around 2% - since 2018. Northern Ireland data have been copied forward since September 2019. The next update to Northern Ireland data will be in the release on 25 March 2020.

All UK countries have experienced rises in their private rental prices since 2015 (Figure 4). Since January 2015, rental prices in England and Northern Ireland have increased more than those in Wales and Scotland.

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4. UK private rental growth by English regions

London private rental prices increased by 1.2% in the 12 months to December 2019. The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) reported in their November 2019 Residential Market Survey that demand from prospective tenants held steady, with rents expecting to rise modestly over the next three months.

Focusing on the English regions, the largest annual rental price increase was in the South West, 2.2%, down from 2.3% in November 2019 (Figure 5). This was followed by the East Midlands (2.1%), Yorkshire and the Humber (1.9%) and the East of England (1.5%).

The lowest annual rental price growth was in the North East where prices increased by 0.5%, followed by London and the North West, which both increased by 1.2% in the 12 months to December 2019.

Figure 6 shows the historical 12-month percentage growth rate in the rental prices of each of the English regions.

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5. Private rental data

Index of Private Housing Rental Prices, UK: annual weights analysis
Dataset | Released 15 January 2020
Aggregate weights information used in the experimental Index of Private Housing Rental Prices.

Index of Private Housing Rental Prices, UK: monthly estimates
Dataset | Released 15 January 2020
Rental price index historical time series (index values and annual percentage change).

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6. Glossary

Index of Private Housing Rental Prices (IPHRP)

This measures the change in the price tenants face when renting residential property from private landlords.

Administrative data

These are data that people have already provided to government through day-to-day activities, for example, health records, social security payments, or educational attainment information.

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7. Measuring the data

Sources

The Index of Private Housing Rental Prices (IPHRP) is constructed using administrative data, that is, the index makes use of data that are already collected for other purposes to estimate rental prices. The sources of private rental prices are the Valuation Office Agency (VOA), Scottish Government, Welsh Government and Northern Ireland Housing Executive (NIHE). Data for Northern Ireland also include data provided by propertynews.com. Estimates are based on a known sample rather than a census.

The sources of the annually updated expenditure weights are the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG), Scottish Government, Welsh Government, Northern Ireland Housing Executive and the VOA.

IPHRP's indices are updated on a monthly basis with the new monthly estimate. Data are indexed with January 2015 as a base year. Data for England are provided from January 2005, data for Wales from January 2009, and data for Scotland from January 2011. UK data are from January 2015.

Quality

More quality and methodology information on strengths, limitations, appropriate uses, and how the data were created is available in the Index of Private Rental Prices QMI.

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8. Strengths and limitations

Strengths

The Index of Private Housing Rental Prices (IPHRP) is constructed using large administrative sources, specified in Section 5: Measuring the data. Annually, over 450,000 private rents prices are collected in England, 30,000 in Wales, 25,000 in Scotland and 15,000 in Northern Ireland.

The index does not only measure the change in newly advertised rental prices but reflects price changes for all private rental properties.

Limitations

IPHRP is published as price indices, rather than average prices. It is also only published down to a country and regional level. While actual rental prices cannot currently be published in the IPHRP because of data access constraints, we are actively working to acquire the necessary data.

IPHRP is released as an Experimental Statistic.

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Manylion cyswllt ar gyfer y Bwletin ystadegol

Ceri Lewis
hpi@ons.gov.uk
Ffôn: +44 (0)1633 456400