1. National balance sheet

The national balance sheet is a measure of the national wealth, or total net worth, of the UK. It shows the estimated market value of financial assets, for example, shares and deposits at banks, and non-financial assets like dwellings and machinery. Market value is an estimate of how much these assets would sell for, if sold on the market. The estimates are used for international comparisons, to monitor economic performance and inform monetary and fiscal policy decisions.

Financial assets and liabilities include:

  • means of payment, such as currency
  • financial claims, such as loans
  • economic assets, which are close to financial claims in nature, such as shares

Produced non-financial assets include:

  • dwellings
  • buildings and other structures
  • machinery and equipment
  • certain farming stocks, mainly dairy cattle and orchards
  • intellectual property products, such as computer software and databases, and research and development inventories

Non-produced assets include:

  • contracts, leases, and licences
  • natural resources

Data sources include:

  • annual reports of public corporations and major businesses
  • industry publications
  • other government departments and agencies

Where non-financial asset market valuations are not readily available, we use a proxy based on the UK net capital stocks data, modelled in the perpetual inventory method (PIM).

For central government, data are taken from returns made by government departments to HM Treasury.

Local authority housing is shown in the public non-financial corporations sector. This is because government-owned market activities are always treated as being carried out by public corporations, either in their own right or via quasi-corporations.

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2. Cite this chapter

Office for National Statistics (ONS), released 31 October 2022, ONS website, compendium chapter, National balance sheet, UK National Accounts, The Blue Book: 2022

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View all data in this compendium

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Marianthi Dunn
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