Office for National Statistics (ONS) data and analysis are vital for informing the public and the government’s response to COVID-19. This page is a summary of insights from our most recent analysis and will be updated as new publications are released. Sign up to our email alerts for daily updates in your inbox.

If you are looking for statistics on the number of COVID-19 cases in the UK, the latest figures are available on GOV.UK.

This page was last updated at 09:30 on 5 June 2020.


5 June 2020

Deaths not involving COVID-19

Analysis of death registrations not involving COVID-19 provides a breakdown of the number of excess deaths and explores possible explanations for these deaths.

Between 7 March and 1 May 2020, a total of 130,009 deaths were registered across England and Wales. Because of the delay to analyse and validate a death certificate this article is based on 98.1% of the total deaths registered. This article focuses on the 43,903 excess death registrations compared with the five-year average, a quarter of which did not involve the coronavirus (COVID-19).

The largest increases in non-COVID-19 deaths compared with the five-year average are seen in deaths due to “dementia and Alzheimer disease” and “symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions”. Deaths due to dementia and Alzheimer disease comprise the largest major cause of death for the non-COVID-19 excess.

Deaths due to dementia and Alzheimer disease have greatly increased and to a greater extent than other causes since Week 13

The non-COVID-19 deaths as a percent of the five-year average for each underlying cause, England and Wales for deaths registered in Weeks 1 to 18 in 2020

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Notes:
  1. Based on date a death was registered rather than occurred.
  2. All figures for 2020 are provisional.
  3. The ICD-10 definitions for the conditions plotted are: dementia and Alzheimer disease (F01, F03 and G30), ischaemic heart disease (I20 to I25), chronic lower respiratory disease J40 to J47), cerebrovascular diseases (I60 to I69), malignant neoplasm of the trachea, bronchus and lung (C33 to C34), influenza and pneumonia (J09 to J18), all respiratory diseases (J00 to J99), symptoms, signs and ill-defined conditions (R00 to R99).

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The non-COVID-19 excess deaths occur predominantly in older age groups, to a greater extent with increasing age, and especially for the frail elderly with underlying conditions.

There are various factors that could contribute to non-COVID-19 excess deaths. The article examines five possible explanations in more detail, including whether COVID-19 may have been undiagnosed in some cases; and whether a delay in accessing or receiving healthcare has led to more deaths occurring.

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5 June 2020

COVID-19 Infection Survey

The infection rate for the number of people within England with coronavirus (COVID-19) has more than halved, according to a pilot study.

An estimated average of 53,000 people in the community population (private households) in England are estimated to have COVID-19 in the period 17 to 30 May 2020. This is down from 133,000 in the period 3 to 16 May.

The study, in conjunction with IQVIA, University of Oxford and UK Biocentre, suggests that there is evidence of a downward trend in the proportion of people testing positive for COVID-19.

There were an estimated 39,000 new COVID-19 cases per week in England between 26 April and 30 May 2020. This equates to 0.07 new cases per 100 people.

Of those who worked in patient-facing healthcare or resident-facing social care roles, 1.87% tested positive for COVID-19, while 0.32% of those not working in those type of roles tested positive.

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5 June 2020

Feeling safe outside the home

People are gaining greater confidence in going outside following the easing of lockdown regulations in Great Britain.

As much as those lockdown guidelines and their easing differ, so do feelings of safety in the three countries which make up Great Britain. At the time of the survey, guidance on staying at home varied across England, Wales and Scotland.

Almost half of adults (49%) in Great Britain said they had visited a park or public green space this week, up from 42% last week. Of these, 39% said they had met up with friends or family from outside of their household.

This varied across the three countries in Great Britain:

England:

More than half of adults (52%) said they’d visited a park or public green space, of which 40% had met others.

Wales:

Just over a third of adults (34%) had visited, with 41% of these meeting others.

Scotland:

Around a quarter of adults (25%) in Scotland had visited, with 24% saying they’d met others.

Feeling of safety outside the home have increased in the past few weeks; with 41% of adults saying they felt safe or very safe when outside of their home; compared with 33% the previous week.

This varied across the three home countries.

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4 June 2020

Businesses reopening

Some businesses that temporarily ceased trading are reopening, according to our latest indicators for the UK economy and society.

Of businesses that responded as trading between 4 May and 17 May 2020, 8% said they had started trading again in the two weeks prior.

Businesses that had temporarily closed or paused trading were also asked when they expect to restart trading. The manufacturing and construction industries had the highest proportion of businesses expecting to restart trading in the two weeks following the survey, at 36% and 35% respectively.

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4 June 2020

Business safety measures

UK businesses that are planning to restart trading have indicated their plans for implementing safety measures, according to the latest information from the Office for National Statistics’ (ONS’) fortnightly survey of businesses.

The two most common safety measures that businesses plan to implement are social distancing and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), at 89% and 82% respectively.

The planned use of social distancing is highest in the construction, manufacturing and real estate sectors, where 100% of businesses reported their intention to implement it.

Other safety measures being considered include staggered breaks and shift working.

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4 June 2020

Shipping indicators

There has been an increase to the number of daily shipping visits to the UK in the period 25 May to 31 May 2020, with the highest rolling average of visits since 23 March, when the lockdown began.

Shipping indicators are based on the counts of all vessels and cargo and tanker vessels. These indicators are expected to be related to the import and export of goods.

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3 June 2020

Hours worked

Analysis of the latest UK labour market statistics looks at which industries and workers have been most affected by the fall in total weekly hours worked, between January to March 2019 and January to March 2020.

There has been a reduction in average hours worked across all industries, and it is the accommodation and food services industry which has seen the largest loss, at 11.5%. A previous ONS study highlights that only 10% of the workforce in this industry ever worked from home during 2019.

Amongst different age groups, the largest fall in actual hours was experienced by young workers aged 16 to 24 years. Accommodation and food services is the second-largest industry for this age group, with 16.3% of young people employed in this field.

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2 June 2020

Deaths involving COVID-19

Up to 22 May 2020, there were 43,837 deaths registered in England and Wales involving the coronavirus (COVID-19) (24,412 men and 19,425 women).

The majority of deaths involving COVID-19 have been among people aged 65 years and over (39,025 out of 43,837), with 47% (18,263) of these occurring in the over-85 age group.

Our data are based on deaths registered in the stated period and include all deaths where “COVID-19” was mentioned on death certificates. We have published a summary of where you can find data on COVID-19 infection rates and deaths for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Our figures highlight a gap between the total number of weekly deaths in 2020 and the average between 2015 and 2019 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The total number of deaths in the week ending 22 May (Week 21) was 12,288, around 24% higher than the five-year average. However, the number of deaths and the excess compared with the five-year average were the lowest since the week ending 27 March (Week 13).

The number of excess deaths was the lowest since the week ending 27 March 2020

Deaths in England and Wales in 2020 compared with the average between 2015 and 2019

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29 May 2020

Children returning to school

Some children, in England, are set to return to school on 1 June 2020 as part of new guidance set out by the government. Initially, this is limited to Early Years, Reception, Year 1 and Year 6 children. We estimate that there are approximately 2.1 million children in the year groups, making up around 43% of all primary school children.

There are up to 680,000 families that could expect all of their children to return to school, equivalent to 17.5% of all families with primary or early years aged children. This could potentially allow an estimated 1 million people, in employment in these families, to return to work. This is around 3.8% of the total workforce in England.

One talking point around this policy has been the potential impact on older generations. The Labour Force Survey suggests that 87.2% of primary aged children live in households where no one is over the age of 50. Meanwhile, 7.3% of primary children live with someone aged 50 to 59 years and 1.7% live with someone aged 70 years and over.

A small minority of children due to return to school are living with someone aged 70 years and over

Primary-aged children living in a household, by age of oldest household member, England, October to December 2019

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This and further breakdowns are available as a user-requested dataset.

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User requested data

We have been responding to data requests from the public, media and government during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Responses are published in our list of user requested data.

Our subnational data page offers advice to anyone doing their own analysis on the impact of the coronavirus. It contains useful links to geographic boundaries and datasets such as population by local area.

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  • Analysis of death registrations not involving coronavirus (COVID-19), England and Wales

    Examines death registrations not involving coronavirus (COVID-19), to understand the apparent increase in deaths compared to the previous five-year average for deaths in the same weeks. Explores explanations for why a greater number of deaths not involving COVID-19 are observed.