Figure 2: Environmental protection expenditure by government as a percentage of GDP has been relatively stable since 2012
Environmental protection expenditure by general government as a percentage of GDP, UK, 1995 to 2017
Source: Office for National Statistics – General government annual expenditure
All estimates are reported at current prices, no adjustments have been made to account for the effects of inflation.
The rise and subsequent fall of EPE by government between 2004 and 2006 is a result of the transfer of responsibilities between British Nuclear Fuels (BNF) and the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA). BNF, a non-government organisation, restructured in 2005 and the responsibility for nuclear decommissioning transferred to the government’s NDA. The majority of the NDA costs for decommissioning were accounted for in 2005.